July 1, 1916, the first day of the Battle of the Somme, was the second bloodiest day in the history of the British Army, with 57,470 casualties, including 19,240 dead. France suffered about 7,000 casualties, and Germany about 12,000. Over 1 million total casualties were suffered by the end of the battle, 24 weeks later.
In the trenches with the men of the 11th Battalion, the Cheshire Regiment.
Newfoundland soldiers find the dead in a support trench, July 1, 1916.
British troops crossing no man's, land near Mametz, July 1, 1916.
Trench of the German second position, on the plateau north of Pozières, August 28, 1916.
Infantry from the 2nd Battalion, Auckland Regiment, New Zealand Division in the Switch Line near Flers, September 1916.